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Spring Allergies: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

As the snow melts and the first spring buds appear, many people experience sneezing, runny noses, and itchy eyes. Spring allergies, also known as hay fever or seasonal allergic rhinitis, affect millions of people as plants emit pollen into the atmosphere. Let's look at the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for this seasonal discomfort.

What Causes Spring Allergies?

The primary cause of spring allergies is pollen, which is a fine powder produced by trees, grasses, and weeds to fertilize other plants. When pollen grains enter an allergic person's nose, the immune system responds as if it is under attack.

Common Pollen Producers:

  • Trees include birch, cedar, cottonwood, and pine.

  • Grasses, including Bermuda, Fescue, and Timothy.

  • Common weeds include ragweed and nettles.

Recognize the symptoms

Allergy symptoms can range from mild to severe, including:

  • sneezing

  • runny nose

  • watery, itchy eyes

  • Coughing

  • Dark circles under the eyes

Diagnoses and Treatments

If you suspect you have spring allergies, seeing an allergist is a good first step. They may use skin or blood tests to identify specific allergens. Once diagnosed, you can manage your allergies in several ways:


  • Antihistamines can help reduce sneezing, sniffling, and itching.

  • Decongestants can relieve nasal congestion.

  • Use steroid nasal sprays to reduce inflammation and treat symptoms.

  • Lifestyle adjustments include monitoring pollen counts and staying indoors on high pollen days.

  • Keep windows closed to prevent pollen from entering the home.

  • Use air purifiers with HEPA filters to clean indoor air.

  • After being outside, shower to remove pollen from skin and hair.

Coping With Allergies

While there is no cure for spring allergies, taking preventative measures can reduce discomfort. Over-the-counter medications, prescription drugs, and lifestyle changes can all help make the season more comfortable. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional before beginning any new treatment.

For those with severe allergies, immunotherapy or allergy shots may be worth considering. These treatments can gradually desensitize the immune system to allergens, potentially providing long-term relief.

Spring should be a time to enjoy the warmer weather and blooming flowers, not to deal with allergy symptoms. Understanding what triggers your allergies and how to manage them will allow you to enjoy the season without sneezing.


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